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Social Entrepreneurship OR Social Work

Dr. Tausif Malik 

The role of Social Entrepreneurship and Social Work in transforming economies have emerged as powerful catalysts for economic development, particularly in regions grappling with poverty and social inequities.

The intersection of Islamic principles, social entrepreneurship, and philanthropy has yielded profound impacts on economic development, particularly in Muslim-majority countries.

This article examines the transformative journey of Bangladesh, propelled by Dr. Muhammad Yunus’s microfinance revolution, and explores the enduring legacy of Abdul Sattar Edhi’s humanitarian efforts in Pakistan.

As both nations adhere to the tenets of Islam, which advocate for entrepreneurship, charity, and self-reliance, their experiences offer valuable lessons on leveraging faith-based principles to drive inclusive growth.

Islamic Principles and Entrepreneurship:

Islamic teachings underscore the importance of economic activity and entrepreneurship as means of sustenance and societal progress.

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) emphasized the significance of trade, stating, “You should conduct business, for in it is 9 out of 10 livelihoods.” This prophetic wisdom highlights the inherent value of commerce in sustaining livelihoods and fostering prosperity.

Moreover, Islam encourages charitable giving in various forms such as Zakat, Sadaqah, and Fitrah, while discouraging reliance on begging.

The story of Ashabi Abd alRaḥmān ibn ʿAwf RA exemplifies the entrepreneurial spirit encouraged in Islam, inspiring individuals to strive for self-sufficiency and contribute positively to society.

Abd al-Raḥmān ibn ʿAwf (Arabic: عبد الرحمن بن عوف) (c. 581–654)was one of the companions of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad. One of the wealthiest among the companions, he is known for being one of the ten to whom Paradise was promised according to Sunni Muslims.

Challenges of Aid Dependency:

In contrast to the principles of self-reliance espoused in Islam. In 2014, reports revealed how Western aid to African nations often perpetuated a cycle of dependency and exploitation, exacerbating the debt crisis and hindering genuine progress. Despite significant financial inflows, much of the aid failed to translate into sustainable development or alleviate poverty effectively.

Charity in Islam

Islam promotes charity through various channels, including Sadqa, Zakat, and Fitra, emphasizing the importance of compassion and support for those in need. However, it also advocates for direct assistance to individuals and encourages individuals to strive for self-sufficiency and become benefactors rather than recipients of charity.

In Islamic teachings, begging is not considered a legitimate profession or means of sustenance. Rather, it is viewed as a dubious act contrary to the principles outlined in the Quran Majeed and Hadith Sharieff.

While Islam mandates the wealthy to provide support to the less fortunate through Zakat and other forms of charity, it does not condone or encourage begging as a solution to poverty and hardship.

Dr. Yunus’s Microfinance Revolution

Dr. Muhammad Yunus‘s pioneering work in microfinance epitomizes the fusion of entrepreneurship with social impact. Inspired by the plight of the poor during the 1974 famine, he founded Grameen Bank, introducing the concept of microcredit to empower marginalized communities.

Microcredit Empowerment

Grameen Bank’s innovative microcredit model democratized access to finance, particularly for women, enabling them to launch microenterprises and break the cycle of poverty. This grassroots approach unleashed the entrepreneurial spirit inherent within communities, spurring economic activity and self-reliance.

Economic Impact

Bangladesh’s embrace of microfinance as a poverty alleviation strategy catalyzed its economic transformation, propelling the nation to become one of Asia’s fastest-growing economies. By fostering entrepreneurship and financial inclusion, Dr. Yunus’s initiatives generated sustainable livelihoods, reduced income disparities, and enhanced social mobility.

Gender Empowerment

Dr. Yunus’s emphasis on women’s empowerment through microfinance has indeed brought about a paradigm shift in gender dynamics. By enabling women to become entrepreneurs and active participants in economic activities, this approach has not only elevated their socio-economic status but has also enriched the fabric of societies like Bangladesh. Through the empowerment of women, future generations are equipped with the confidence and skills needed to create a brighter and more equitable future.

Women Entrepreneurship Empowers Next Generation

Empowering women, especially by fostering their entrepreneurship, has profound effects on the confidence and well-being of their children. When women become entrepreneurs, they not only contribute to the household income but also serve as powerful role models for their children, particularly their daughters. Here’s how this empowerment contrasts with the dependency on charity and its impact on children’s confidence:

According to Islam, The Mother’s Lap is the Child’s First Madrasah

  1. Role Modeling: Children, especially daughters, observe their mothers navigating the world of business with determination and resilience. This instills in them a belief that they too can achieve their goals through hard work and perseverance.
  2. Financial Stability: Entrepreneurial mothers provide a stable financial foundation for their families through their ventures. This stability translates into a sense of security for their children, boosting their confidence and allowing them to focus on their education and personal development without the constant worry of financial instability.
  3. Decision-Making Skills: Women entrepreneurs are often involved in making important decisions not only for their businesses but also for their households. By witnessing their mothers engaging in decision-making processes, children learn valuable skills that empower them to make informed choices in their own lives.
  4. Break from Dependency: Unlike relying on charity, which can create a sense of dependency and undermine self-esteem, entrepreneurship empowers women to take control of their lives and shape their own destinies. This self-reliance fosters a sense of pride and confidence in both the entrepreneur and her children.
  5. Community Impact: Women entrepreneurs, particularly those who have benefited from initiatives like microfinance, often play active roles in their communities. Their involvement in social and economic development projects not only improves the lives of community members but also sets an example for their children, inspiring them to contribute positively to society.

Edhi’s Humanitarian Legacy

Abdul Sattar Edhi’s humanitarian journey embodies the ethos of selfless service and compassion. From humble beginnings in 1957, he laid the foundation of the Edhi Foundation, which emerged as Pakistan’s largest and most trusted philanthropic organization.

Diverse Social Welfare Services

The Edhi Foundation’s multifaceted approach addressed a myriad of social challenges, including healthcare, emergency relief, orphan care, and support for the destitute. Edhi’s unwavering commitment to serving humanity transcended religious, ethnic, and national boundaries, earning him global acclaim as a symbol of humanitarianism.

National and Global Impact

Edhi’s legacy reverberated beyond Pakistan’s borders, inspiring acts of generosity and solidarity worldwide. His relentless pursuit of social justice and empathy fostered a sense of unity and compassion within Pakistani society, nurturing a culture of giving and altruism.

Comparative Economic Impact

Bangladesh’s Economic Growth

Dr. Yunus’s microfinance revolution played a pivotal role in Bangladesh’s remarkable economic ascent, fueling entrepreneurship, job creation, and poverty reduction.

The proliferation of microenterprises propelled inclusive growth, buoyed by a thriving ecosystem of small businesses and grassroots innovation.

Pakistan’s Economic Challenges

Despite Edhi’s unparalleled humanitarian contributions, Pakistan grappled with systemic economic hurdles, including political instability, corruption, and insufficient investment in social infrastructure.

While philanthropy and social work mitigates human suffering, it underscored the imperative of comprehensive development strategies to address structural inequalities and foster sustainable progress.

A society driven by charity has influenced the confidence of the next generation, often resulting in a reluctance to start their own ventures. Even if they do venture into entrepreneurship, their confidence levels tend to pale in comparison to those raised in households where mothers are entrepreneurs.

Lessons Learned

The success of Dr. Yunus’s microfinance model underscores the transformative potential of empowering individuals through access to financial services and entrepreneurial opportunities. By harnessing the power of social entrepreneurship, communities can drive economic empowerment from within, laying the groundwork for resilient and inclusive societies.

Dr. Yunus inspired entrepreneurship, which played catalyst to economic growth and prosperity and less dependency on charity and donations.

Edhi’s legacy highlights the profound impact of compassion and solidarity in addressing social inequities and nurturing cohesive communities. His humanitarian ethos serves as a guiding beacon for fostering empathy, resilience, and collective action in the face of adversity.

Edhi also inspired alot of social organizations to help fellow Pakistani’s. Pakistan should prioritize social entrepreneurship over conventional social organizations.


In conclusion, the convergence of social entrepreneurship and philanthropy offers a potent formula for advancing socio-economic development and fostering human flourishing. Dr. Yunus’s microfinance revolution propelled Bangladesh’s ascent as an economic powerhouse While Edhi’s humanitarian legacy nurtured compassion and solidarity in Pakistan.

Pakistan would benefit from adopting the social entrepreneurship model rather than relying solely on traditional social work initiatives. By embracing this approach, Pakistan can lay the groundwork for fostering entrepreneurship and stimulating the creation of new businesses, jobs, and income opportunities.

Pakistani women ought to be motivated to engage in economic development through entrepreneurship. This encouragement would not only benefit the current generation but also inspire the next generation, akin to how Bangladeshi youth have elevated their mothers’ entrepreneurial experiences to new heights.

This shift towards entrepreneurship-driven development would ultimately lead to sustained economic growth. Drawing inspiration from Bangladesh’s successful model, which propelled it to become Asia’s fastest-growing economy through entrepreneurship. Pakistan can glean valuable insights and lessons to guide its own journey towards prosperity.

By embracing these lessons and synergizing entrepreneurial innovation with altruistic endeavors, societies can forge a path towards inclusive prosperity and shared well-being.

About the Author

Dr. Tausif Malik is a social entrepreneur, publisher, and academician, renowned for his innovative ventures. He founded and publishes The Desi BuzzGCC Startup News, Startup Berita, and Halal Biz News, amplifying entrepreneurship globally. Dr. Malik also spearheads AIMBSNHalal Angels Network, and Startup Villages, fostering startup ecosystems. His groundbreaking initiative,, offers affordable edtech solutions, providing Indian university programs starting at $50 per month and professional IT courses priced at $250-$350. Through his diverse endeavors, Dr. Malik empowers individuals with access to education and opportunities.


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